National Guidance: Best Management Practices for Preparing Vessels Intended to Create Artificial Reefs, U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency, Published in the Federal Register, May, 2006 (Effective Date).
Basel Action Network “Dishonorable Disposal”
ban.org/library/Dishonorable Disposal_BAN Report.pdf
CSTR Refutation of Basel Action Network’s Recent Report, “Dishonorable Disposal”
californiashipstoreefs.org/Resources/Documents/CSTR Responds to Basel Action Network.pdf
Public Health Assessment, Fish and Shellfish Evaluation, Isla De Vieques Bombing Range, Vieques, Puerto Rico.
Prepared by: Federal Facilities Assessment Branch, Division of Health Assessment and Consultation, Agency for
Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, June 27, 2003.
Ecological Assessment of the HMCS Yukon Artificial Reef of San Diego, CA (USA), Ed Parnell, Ph.D., January 2005
californiashipstoreefs.org/Resources/Documents/Yukon Environmental Report.pdf
Biological Baseline Survey of the Ex-HMAS Brisbane Artificial Reef, Monika Schlacher-Hoenlinger, University of
the Sunshine Coast, et al, December 2006
Fish Assemblages on Sunken Vessels and Natural Reefs in Southeast Florida, USA, P.T. Arena, et al, 2007
Progress report summarizing the reef fish sampling, PCB analysis results and visual monitoring associated with the
Oriskany Reef, a decommissioned former Navy aircraft carrier sunk in 2006 as an artificial reef in the Northeastern
Gulf of Mexico off Pensacola, FL, Jon W. Dodrill, et al, Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, April 2011
Case Study: The National Environment Policy Act and the Disposition of Ex-Oriskany; September 2012
Final Report of Five-Year Spiegel Grove Assessment, Joe Cavanaugh, Director of Field Operations, Reef
Environmental Education Foundation (REEF), 2008
Fish assemblages on Estuarine Artificial Reefs: Rocky-Reef Mimics or Discrete Assemblages?, Heath Folpp, et al,
PLOS One, Volume 8, Issue 6, e63505, July 2013
Disposal Options for Ships by Ron Hess, Denis Rushworth, Michael V. Hynes, and John Peters; RAND Corp.,
RAND Monograph Report, 2001. Prepared for the Department of Defense.
Artificial Reefs, A Disposal Option for Navy and MARAD Ships by Michael V. Hynes, John E. Peters, Denis
Rushworth; RAND Corp., RAND Documented Briefing, DB-39 1-NAVY, March 2004. Prepared for the United
Creating Underwater Value: The Economic Value of Artificial Reefs for Recreational Diving, Linwood H.
Pendleton, Ph.D., December 12, 2004.
www.californiashipstoreefs.org/Resources/Documents/Studies/Creating Underwater Value-Pendleton.pdf
Towards a Better Understanding of the Economic Value of Ships to Reefs Scuba Diving in Southern California,
Linwood H. Pendleton, January 2, 2005.
californiashipstoreefs.org/Resources/Documents/Yukon Economic Report.pdf
Demand for Diving on Large Ship Artificial Reefs, O. Ashton Morgan Appalachian State University, et al, April 2008
The Economic Benefits Associated with Florida’s Artificial Reefs, Chuck Adams, et. al., University of Florida,
IFAS Extension, August 2011